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The role of chemistry in medicine

Chemistry is such a diverse science branching into many industries and its understanding is fundamental in unlocking solutions to overcome diseases, viruses and infections. The science has a central application in the pharmaceutical drug manufacturing process. In medicine, Chemistry helps understand diseases and medical samples through the various analytical and instrumental methods – which in turn aids medical research and the development and discovery of drugs. Chemical synthesis has allowed scientists to synthesise new compounds which can be used to treat a range of diseases and medical conditions.

 

The study and knowledge of Chemistry is very essential for professionals involved in the healthcare sector including doctors and nurses. The fact is that it cannot be denied that Chemistry plays a dominant role in the day-to-day life of a healthcare professional. With the help of Chemistry alongside biochemistry and biology, diseases and disorders can be easily diagnosed. The knowledge of chemistry has allowed for the understanding of the science behind pregnancy tests and COVID-19 PCR tests using UV-VIS Spectroscopy.

 

Chemistry also plays a key role in the development of new medical technologies, such as diagnostic tools and imaging equipment. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) relies on principles of chemistry and is an application of Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), an analytical tool for chemists found in laboratories. The technique uses strong magnetic fields and radio waves to produce detailed images of organs and body tissues. The scan uses contrast agents using elements iron and gadolinium to enhance the clarity of images.

 

Overall, chemistry is an essential discipline for advancing our understanding of health and disease, and for developing new treatments and technologies to improve human health.

 

Interesting fact: Vaccines for Rabies and Anthrax were discovered by Louis Pasteur – a famous chemist.

Written by Khushleen Kaur

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